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This template is used in articles to identify articles that name sources, but that are biased because every source named has a very close connection to the subject, such as the manufacturer of a product. This template can be used for any closely affiliated source, even if the source is not self-published.


Place this template on the page by pasting {{third-party|dateTemplate:=September 2020}} at the top.

Adding this template to an article places the article into one of a family of categories identifying "Articles lacking reliable references". To find all such articles, see Category:All articles lacking reliable references.

When not to use this template

Unsourced or poorly sourced contentious material about living persons should be removed immediately. Do not tag it— remove it. For more information, see the section on poorly sourced contentious material in the Biography of Living Persons policy.

Material which is doubtful and harmful may be removed immediately, rather than tagged. See Unsourced material.

If no reference is given, use the {{citation needed}} tag instead.

If you have the time and ability to find an a better reference, please do so. Then correct the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.

See also

Whole-page templates

  • {{Primary sources}}, for articles containing third-party/independent sources, but not containing secondary sources
  • {{Refimprove}}, article/section has weak or incomplete sources/references/citations
  • {{Unreferenced}}, article/section has no sources/references/citations given at all

Inline templates

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